Here are some tips to help dogs detect cancer and find effective ways to fight it. Cancer can occur in any part of the body, it’s well-known. However, many people are unaware that cancer can also affect animals.
One in four dogs (BV1) is diagnosed with cancer during their lifetime. Dogs over 10 years of age are more likely to be diagnosed with cancer BV2. While some types of dog cancer are more common than others, and thus more responsive to treatment, each type would be treated individually. Here are eight common types of cancer in dogs, and how to treat them.
Although this is a frightening diagnosis, 95% of skin melanomas (cutaneous) are benign. Malignant tumors that develop in the mouth or toes can quickly spread and become aggressive. It is important to get treatment as soon as possible. There are several options available to help: surgery, radiation therapy and immunotherapy. A melanoma vaccine (immunotherapy), can also be used to stimulate the body’s production of antibodies to fight this disease.
Osteosarcoma, the most common form of bone cancer in dogs, is the main cause. Osteosarcoma is most common in giant or large breeds. It’s more common in men, usually seven years old or older, and it’s more common in dogs. There is also a subset that can be diagnosed between 1.5 and 2 year olds.
Osteosarcoma symptoms can include progressive lameness in one leg and a complete lack of use of the other body part. The affected limb may also be at risk of breaking.
There are many treatment options available, including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, amputations, and palliative medication. Dogs can enjoy a high quality of life for up to two years after being diagnosed with cancer.
Mast Cell Tumors
Mast Cell Tumors, the most common skin cancer in dogs, are called mast cell tumors. Some tumors only affect the skin. Some tumors will only affect the skin, while others may affect other organs, such as the liver, lymph nodes, and bone marrow.
The severity of the tumor can make a huge difference in the outcome and treatment options. While some tumors can be treated with radiation or surgery, others can spread and may require chemotherapy.
Lymphoma is the most prevalent form of cancer in dogs. Lymphoma can be found in the lymph nodes and spleens, liver, chest, and GI system. Lymphoma is most commonly found in the peripheral lymph nodes. You may see lumps under your dog’s neck, in his back legs, or behind his knees.
The treatment of choice is chemotherapy. It can often result in a long remission. Sometimes, radiation therapy may be an option. Prednisone can be used to slow down the progression of the disease in families that are unable to accept chemotherapy.
Mammary tumors are more common in unspayed or spayed dogs older than two years. This cancer is more common in dogs that were spayed when they were puppies (6 months old or younger). Half of all mammary cancers in dogs are benign and half are malignant.
Surgery is the most common form of therapy. It is the only way to determine if the tumor is malignant or benign. Depending on the severity of the cancer, chemotherapy may also be recommended.
Hemangiosarcoma, which is most commonly found in dogs and originates from the spleen, occurs in the linings of blood vessels. It has direct access to the bloodstream. Hemangiosarcoma can happen to any dog, but it is more common in golden retrievers, German shepherds and boxers.
Dogs diagnosed with this disease are typically ten years old or older. It can also strike any gender. The tumors can spread to or begin in the liver, lymph nodes and lungs as well as the right atrium.
Hemangiosarcoma can cause dogs to have pale gums, loss of weight, and even collapse. There may be chemotherapy or surgery that can help.
Transitional cell carcinoma
Transitional Cell Carcinoma, the most common bladder cancer in dogs, is called “Transitional Cell Carcinoma”.
Transitional cell carcinoma is more common in female dogs and terriers than any other breed. You may notice blood in your dog’s urine, strain to urinate or strain to defecate, and a change in the shape of their stool.
If your dog is unable to urinate, you should immediately seek veterinary attention. There are many treatment options available for the disease, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy and a nonsteroidal medication to slow down its progression.
Although this is a rare condition in dogs, it can still happen to older dogs. Although it affects less than 1 percent of dogs, 75% of primary lung cancers in canines are caused by adenocarcinoma.
You may notice problems with breathing in your dog. Radiation after surgery is used to remove tumors and chemotherapy is used to treat cancer if it has spread.
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